Archives : Burgundy sightseeing
Home to One of the Great Military Engineers of All Time
Built in the 1700s, the 175-kilometer long Canal du Nivernais is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful French canals for Northern Burgundy barge cruises. Just a short drive from the canal is the fascinating Château de Bazoches tucked on a hill with expansive views of the surrounding fields and villages. It is a beautiful, 12th Century residence that once housed the lords of the land including one of the best military architects of all time, Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, named a Maréchal of France.
Born in Burgundy during the early 1600s, Vauban started out as a minor noble but eventually became a poverty-stricken orphan and then a soldier in the Condé regiment. During his time with the regiment, he was taken prisoner and met Cardinal Jules Raymond Mazarin who became the Chief Minister of France in 1642. It was through his relationship with Mazarin that Vauban’s military career began to flourish and he became a loyal servant to King Louis XIV.
Outlining the Borders of France, the Fortifications of Vauban are UNESCO World Heritage Sites
As Vauban progressed through his career, he became well-known for his engineering talents and such inventions as the bayonet and iron barreled cannon. He used his engineering skills to help the French rulers build critical fortifications throughout the region which outlined the borders of France. Among them are the Fortifications of Vauban, a dozen buildings designated as UNESCO World Heritage sites.
With the funds earned in appreciation of his immense contributions to the defense of France, he purchased the Château de Bazoches and used the residence as a place to perfect his military strategies and subsequently write about them.
Today, the home has returned to the original de Sigalas family who have restored this stately home and opened it to the public to enjoy the rich period furnishings and fascinating history. It includes memorabilia connected to Maréchal de Vauban as well as items associated with other owners, such as Jean de Bazoches. To visit the Château de Bazoches and partake of a cruise on the Canal du Nivernais aboard the Luciole, L’Art de Vivre or Randle, please contact us for more information.
Barge Cruise Specialist since 1988
Europe is full of buildings steeped in history, and France is no exception. The spectacular wine country of Burgundy is home to the world’s most famous charity wine sale, which takes place each November in the Hospices de Beaune. When you come along on one of our southern Burgundy French canal cruises such as Apres Tout, you have the opportunity to visit this famous site and savor the delicious wines of the region.
History of the Hospices
Also called the Hotel-Dieu, the oldest of this extraordinary collection of buildings dates back to 1443, when Duke Philip the Good built a hospital and refuge for the people of Beaune, who were suffering from famine and marauders in the wake of the Hundred Years War. For over five hundred years, this “charity almshouse” has welcomed and treated anyone who came through their doors. Today that first building, with its beautiful tile roof, is a spectacular museum, and modern patients are treated in newer facilities.
The Hotel-Dieu museum provides an unusual window into healthcare in the 1400s. Patients were housed in a large room like a dormitory, and typically slept two to a bed. The chapel was located nearby, as spiritual care was considered just as important as the primitive medical care available at the time. In fact, visitors can see an amazing 15-panel oak polyptych of The Last Judgment that was commissioned for the chapel by a Flemish artist, Rogier van der Weyden.
The goal of this artwork was to both comfort the patients and warn them of the importance of getting their spiritual lives in order in case they didn’t survive the medical treatment. The museum also hosts treasures such as a medieval automatic rotisserie in the kitchen and a pharmacy stocked with the pewter and pottery vessels used for compounding prescriptions.
Wines of the Hospices
You might ask how the Hospices de Beaune can afford to give away all this free care. Well, over the centuries, Hospices de Beaune has received donations of everything from farms and woodlands to works of art from generous benefactors and grateful families. They have also received a number of vineyards, and it is the sale of the wine produced in those vineyards that has made the charity auction so famous. In addition to the wine auction itself, which is held on the third Sunday of November, there are a number of concerts, gala dinners, and wine tastings which take place during this time.
Whenever you’re ready to go barging, we’re ready to help. Happy travels!
Barge Cruise Specialist since 1988